Writing History

My research unearths captivating historical content in material contexts, often in early modern Spain.

My Academic Research

Pelican in Paper Museum of Cassiano dal Pozzo

Materials of Natural History

How did the study of physical objects impact natural history during the early modern period? Professor Paula Findlen and I explore this question from the 16th century to the present in a forthcoming new edition of Worlds of Natural History.

Leland Stanford, Jr.

Stanford Collects: A History of Collecting

In Winter 2018, I will teach an undergraduate course that explores the history of Stanford as a university, an archive, a library, and a museum. The hands-on course in Green Library will introduce students to unusual objects and feature site visits to the Cantor and the Archaeology Center.

Illustration of the Plant and Animal Kingdoms and the Harvesting of Crops, Chicago: A.C. Shewey and Co., 1883, David Rumsey Map Collection at Stanford University Libraries

Natural Things: A Global Natural History Project

Our team of researchers uses digital history tools to trace how natural objects from around the world took on new meanings over the course of time. To learn more about our project and upcoming events, visit our website.

Grandville’s sloth from the larger print

Caricature Assassination in the Work of J. J. Grandville

19th-century French cartoonist J. J. Grandville deftly caricatures political figures using the metaphor of a natural history cabinet. I analyze one of his prints within a forthcoming edited volume of essays published by the Cantor Arts Center.

Map of Longinos’s Journey through Alta California, 1791-2

The Lone Collector: Longinos Martínez in New Spain

José Longinos Martínez journeyed to New Spain as part of Sessé’s Royal Botanical Expedition, but he did not remain part of the team for long. He established the first public natural history museum in the Americas and was among the first to use Linnaean classification in the Californias. In my seminar paper, I show how his independent, solitary style of research and collecting was uniquely American.

Azara’s illustrator’s drawing of an anteater

Indefatigable Azara: A Spanish Naturalist in South America

Félix de Azara, an 18th-century Spanish military engineer turned amateur naturalist living in the wilds of Paraguay, collected hundreds of faunal specimens which became the basis for his monographs. My seminar paper demonstrates the scientific value of Azara’s work in and of itself, rather than compared to that of other naturalists. Read my blog post about the visual culture of his work.

NYBG’s Conservatory under construction, 1908

Gardens within a City

Why does New York have two premier botanical gardens—the New York Botanical Garden and Brooklyn Botanic Garden—both founded at around the same time? My master’s thesis investigates this question, concluding that each garden served a different constituency: NYBG was for botanists; BBG for the public.

Clift’s illustration of the Megatherium

The Posthumous Lives of the Giant Sloth

My undergraduate thesis delves into microhistories of the giant ground sloth, an extinct American land mammal about the size of a rhinoceros that lives only in museums as a fossil. The first one to be unearthed resides in Madrid’s Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. I follow the sloth from Spain to 19th-century debates on speciation, and finally to ideas of the character of sin in Victorian children’s books.