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Shima Salehi

PhD Candidate
Learning Sciences and Technology Design
Stanford Graduate School of Education
PhD Minor
Department of Psychology
Stanford University
Address: 160, 450 Serra Mall, 4th Floor,
Wieman Research Lab, Stanford, CA


I study how we should teach science and engineering effectively and inclusively. My PhD advisor is Carl Wieman.

What's new?

  • October 30th, 2017: Our paper about exam disadvantages has received coverage in Stanford News, Quartz, and Inside Higher ED.

  • October 26th, 2017: Our paper about enhancing diversity in undergraduate science has received coverage in University of Minnesota News, and Cornell Chronicle.

  • October 19th, 2017: Our paper about gender disparity across assessment methods got published in PlosOne!

  • July 3rd, 2017: Our paper about effects of active learning on closing the gap between under represented minorities and represented majorities got accepted in Life sciences!

  • July 27th, 2017: I gave a talk at physics education research conference (PERC) about how we can structure physics unstructured activities using contrasting cases. Here is the link to the slides, as well as a short paper published on this work.

Selected Papers


  1. Exams disadvantage women in introductory biology (2017) [PDF],
    with Cissy Ballen and Sehoya Cotner.
    Media coverage at Stanford News.
    Media coverage at Inside Higher Ed.
    Media coverage at Quartz.
    Media coverage at Futurity.

  2. Enhancing diversity in undergraduate science: Self-efficacy drives performance gains with active learning (2017) [PDF],
    with Cissy Ballen, Carl Wieman, Jeremy Searle, and Kelly Zamudio,
    Media coverage at University of Minnesota.
    Media coverage at Cornell Chronicle.

  3. Understanding biases in science and engineering students’ perceptions of their classmates (2017),
    with Natasha Holmes, and Carl Wieman,
    under review for PlosOne.

Science and Engineering Teaching

  1. Tools for science inquiry learning: Tool affordances, experimentation strategies, and conceptual understanding (2017),
    with Engin Bumbacher, Carl Wieman, and Paulo Blikstein,
    forthcoming in Journal of Science Education and Technology.

  2. How to structure an unstructured activity: Generating physics rules from simulation or contrasting cases (2015) [PDF],
    with Martin Kiel, Eric Kuo, and Carl Wieman,
    Notable paper award.

  3. Learning environments and inquiry behaviors in science inquiry learning: How their interplay affects the development of conceptual understanding in physics (2015) [PDF],
    with Engin Bumbacher, Miriam Wierzchula, and Paulo Blikstein.


  1. Improving the Replicability of Psychological Science Through Pedagogy (2018) [PDF],
    a collaborative research under supervision of Michael Frank,
    forthcoming in Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Sciences.

  2. The half empty question for socio-cognitive interventions (2016) [PDF],
    with Daniel Schwartz, Katherine Cheng, and Carl Wieman.