Deborah Gordon


D. M. Gordon. 2010. Ant Encounters: Interaction Networks and Colony Behavior. Princeton University Press.

D. M. Gordon. 1999. Ants at Work: how an insect society is organized. Free Press, Simon and Schuster. 2000 paperback, W. W. Norton.


2013. Ingram, K.K., Pilko A., Heer J., and D.M. Gordon. Colony life history and lifetime reproductive success of red harvester ant colonies. Journal of Animal Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12036 pdf

2013. Greene, M.J., Pinter-Wollman, N., and D.M. Gordon. Interactions with combined chemical cues inform harvester ant foragers' decisions to leave the nest in search of food. PLoS ONE 8(1):e52219. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052219 link

2012. Fitzgerald, K., Heller, N., and D.M. Gordon. Modeling the spread of the Argentine ant into natural areas: Habitat suitability and spread from neighboring sites. Ecological Modelling 247:262-272. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.07.036 pdf

2012. Gordon, D.M. The dynamics of foraging trails in the tropical arboreal ant Cephalotes goniodontus. PLoS ONE 7(11):e50472. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050472 link

2012. Prabhakar, B., Dektar, K.N., and D.M. Gordon. The Regulation of Ant Colony Foraging Activity without Spatial Information. PLoS Computational Biology 8(8):e1002670. DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002670 link

2012. Pinter-Wollman, N., Gordon, D.M., and S. Holmes. Nest site and weather affect the personality of harvester ant colonies. Behavioral Ecology 23(5): 1022-1029. doi: 10.1093/beheco/ars066 pdf

2012. Fitzgerald, K., Gordon, D.M. Effects of Vegetation Cover, Presence of a Native Ant Species, and Human Disturbance on Colonization by Argentine Ants. Conservation Biology 26(3): 525-538. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01836.x pdf

2012. Pringle, E., Ramirez, S.R., Bonebrake, T.C., Gordon, D.M., Dirzo, R. Diversification and phylogeographic structure in widespread Azteca plant-ants from the northern Neotropics. Molecular Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05618.x pdf

2012. Pringle, E., Dirzo, R., and D.M. Gordon. Plant defense, herbivory, and the growth of Cordia alliodora trees and their symbiotic Azteca ant colonies. Oecologia. DOI:10.1007/s00442-012-2340-x pdf

2012. Sturgis, S., and D.M. Gordon. Nestmate recognition in ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae): A review. Myrmecological News 16: 101-110 pdf

2011. Sorrells, T.R., L.Y. Kuritzky, P.G. Kauhanen, K. Fitzgerald, S.J. Sturgis, J. Chen, C.A. Dijamco, K.N. Basurto, and D.M. Gordon. Chemical defense by the native Winter Ant (Prenolepis imparis) against the invasive Argentine Ant (Linepithema humile). PLoS ONE 6(4):e18717. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018717 pdf

2011. Sturgis, S.J., M.J. Green, and D.M. Gordon. Hydrocarbons on harvester ant (Pogonomyrmex barbatus) middens guide foragers to the nest. Journal of Chemical Ecology. DOI 10.1007/s10886-011-9947-y. pdf

2011. Pinter-Wollman, N., R. Wollman, A. Guetz, S. Holmes, and D.M. Gordon. The effect of individual variation on the structure and function of interaction networks in harvester ants. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. DOI 10.1098/rsif.2011.0059. pdf

2011. Gordon, D.M. Twitter in the ant nest. Natural History 119(6): 10-41. pdf

2011. Gordon, D.M. The fusion of ecology and behavioral ecology. Behavioral Ecology 22(2): 225-230 pdf

2011. Gordon, D.M., A. Guetz, M.J. Greene, and S. Holmes. Colony variation in the collective regulation of foraging by harvester ants. Behavioral Ecology 22(2): 429-435 pdf

2011. Pringle, E., Dirzo R. and D.M. Gordon. Indirect benefits of symbiotic coccoids for an ant-defended myrmecophytic tree. Ecology 92(1):37-46. pdf

2009. Suni, S. and D.M. Gordon. Fine-scale genetic structure and dispersal distance in the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus. Heredity 104(2):168-173. pdf

2009. Frederickson, M.E. and D.M. Gordon. The intertwined population biology of two Amazonian myrmecophytes and their symbiotic ants. Ecology 90(6):1595-1607. pdf

2009. Beverly, B., H. McLendon, S. Nacu, S. Holmes, and D.M. Gordon. How site fidelity leads to individual differences in the foraging activity of harvester ants. Behavioral Ecology 20:633-638. pdf

2008. Heller, N.E., K.K. Ingram and D.M. Gordon. Nest connectivity and colony structure in unicolonial Argentine ants. Insectes Sociaux 55: 397-403.pdf

2008. Gordon, D. M., S. Holmes and S. Nacu. The short-term regulation of foraging in harvester ants. Behavioral Ecology 19:217-222. pdf

2008. Heller, N.E., N.J. Sanders, J.W. Shors and D.M. Gordon. Rainfall facilitates the spread, and time alters the impact of the invasive Argentine ant. Oecologia 155:385-395. pdf

2007. Gordon, D. M. Control without hierarchy. Nature 4468:143. pdf

2007. Greene, M.J. and D.M. Gordon. How patrollers set foraging direction in harvester ants. American Naturalist 170:943-948. pdf

2007. Suni, S., C. Gignoux and D. M. Gordon. Male parentage in dependent-lineage populations of the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex barbatus. Molecular Ecology 16:5149-5155. pdf

2007. Frederickson, M. and D. M. Gordon. The devil to pay: a cost of mutualism with Myrmelachista schumanni ants in "devil's gardens" is increased herbivory on Duroia hirsuta trees. Proceedings Royal Society B 274:1117-1123. pdf

2007. Greene, M.J. and D.M. Gordon. Interaction rate informs harvester ant task decisions. Behavioral Ecology 18:451-455. pdf

2007. Greene, M.J. and D.M. Gordon. Structural complexity of chemical recognition cues affects the perception of group membership in the ants Linepithema humile and Aphaenogaster cockerelli. Journal Experimental Biology 201:897-905. pdf

2006. Linksvayer, T., M.J. Wade and D.M. Gordon. Genetic caste determination in harvester ants: possible origin and maintenance by cyto-nuclear epistasis. Ecology 87:2185-2193. pdf

2006. Schafer, R.J., S. Holmes and D.M. Gordon. Forager activation and food availability in harvester ants. Animal Behaviour 71:815-822. pdf

2006. V.P. Volny, M.J. Greene and D.M. Gordon. Brood production and lineage discrimination in a harvester ant population with genetic caste determination. Ecology 87:2194-2200. pdf

2006. Heller, Nicole E., and D.M. Gordon. Seasonal spatial dynamics and causes of nest movement in colonies of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile). Ecological Entomology 31:499-510. pdf

2006. Heller, N.E., N.J. Sanders and D.M. Gordon. Linking spatial and temporal scales in the study of an Argentine ant invasion. Biological Invasions 8:501-507. pdf

2005. Frederickson, M., M.J. Greene and D.M. Gordon. Ants bedevil devil's gardens. Nature 437:495-496. pdf

2005. K. K. Ingram, P. Oefner and D. M. Gordon. Task-specific expression of the foraging gene in harvester ants. Molecular Ecology 14: 813-818. pdf

2005. D M Gordon, J Chu, A Lillie, M Tissot, and N Pinter. Variation in the transition from inside to outside work in the red harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex barbatus. Insectes Sociaux 52:212-217. pdf

2004. N. J. Sanders and D. M. Gordon. The interactive effects of
climate and interspecific neighbours on mortality of red harvester
ants. Ecological Entomology 29:632-637. pdf

2004. D. Wagner, J B Jones and D M Gordon. Development of harvester
ant colonies alters soil chemistry. Soil Biology and Biochemistry
36:797-804. pdf

2003. Greene, M.J. and D.M. Gordon. Cuticular hydrocarbons inform task decisions. Nature 423:32. pdf

2003. Ingram, K.K. and D.M. Gordon. Genetic analysis of dispersal dynamics in an invading population of Argentine ants, Linepithema humile. Ecology 84:2832-2842. pdf

2003. Adler, F.R. and D.M. Gordon. Optimization, conflict and non-overlapping foraging ranges in ants. American Naturalist 162:529-543. pdf

2003. Sanders, N.J., N.J. Gotelli, N.E. Heller, and D.M. Gordon. Community disassembly by an invasive ant species. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100: 2474-2477. pdf

2003. Sanders, N.J. and D.M. Gordon. Resource dependent interactions and the organization of desert ant communities. Ecology 84: 1024-1031. pdf

2002. Gordon, D.M. The regulation of foraging activity in red harvester ant colonies. American Naturalist 159:509-518. pdf

2002. Volny, V.P. and D.M. Gordon. Genetic basis for queen-worker dimorphism in a social insect. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:6108-6111. pdf

2002. Barton, K.E., Sanders N. J., Gordon D. M. The effects of proximity and colony age on interspecific interference competition between the desert ants Pogonomyrmex barbatus and Aphaenogaster cockerelli. American Midland Naturalist 148:376-382. pdf

2001. Volny, V.P. and D.M. Gordon. Characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the red harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex barbatus. Mol Ecol Notes 2:302-303. pdf

2001. Wagner, D., Tissot, M. and D. M. Gordon. Task-related environment alters the cuticular hydrocarbon composition of harvester ants. J. Chemical Ecology 27:1805-1819. pdf

2001. Pereira, H. and D. M. Gordon. A trade-off in task allocation between sensitivity to the environment and response time. J. Theoretical Biology 208:165-184. pdf

2001. Sanders, N. J., Barton, K.E., and D. M. Gordon. Dynamics of the distribution and impact of the invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, in northern California. Oecologia 127:123-130. pdf

2001. Gordon, D. M., L. Moses, M. Falkowitz-Halpern, and E. H. Wong. Effect of weather on infestation of buildings by the invasive Argentine ant, Linepithema humile. American Midland Naturalist 146:321-328. pdf

2001. Nelson, D. R., Tissot, M., Nelson, L. J. Fatland, C. L, and D. M. Gordon. Novel wax esters and hydrocarbons in the cuticular surface lipids of the red harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex barbatus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B 128(3):575-595. pdf

2000. Wagner, D., Tissot, M., Cuevas, W., and D. M. Gordon. Harvester ants utilize cuticular hydrocarbons in nestmate recognition. J. Chemical Ecology 26 (10):2245-2257. pdf

2000. Sanders, N. and D. M. Gordon. The effects of interspecific interactions on resource use and behavior in a desert ant. Oecologia 125: 436:443. pdf

2000. Brown M. J. F, Gordon D. M. How resources and encounters affect the distribution of foraging activity in a seed-harvesting ant. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 47: 195-203. pdf

1999. Gordon, D. M. Interaction patterns and task allocation in ant colonies. In C. Detrain, J M Pasteels, J L Deneubourg, eds. Information Processing in Social Insects. Birkhuaser Verlag. pp. 51-67. pdf

1999. Human, K. G. and D. M. Gordon. Behavioral interactions of the invasive Argentine ant with native species. Insectes Sociaux 46:159-163. pdf

1999. Gordon, D. M. and Mehdiabadi, N. Encounter rate and task allocation in harvester ants. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 45:370-77. pdf

1999. Wagner, D. and D. M. Gordon. Colony age, neighborhood density and reproductive potential in harvester ants. Oecologia 119:175-182. pdf

1998. D Wagner, M. J. F. Brown, P. Broun, W. Cuevas, L. E. Moses, D. L. Chao and D. M. Gordon. Task-related differences in the cuticular hydrocarbon composition of harvester ants, Pogonomyrmex barbatus. J Chemical Ecology 24:2021-2037 pdf

1998. Human, K. G., Weiss, S., Weiss, A., Sandler B. and Gordon D. M. The effect of abiotic factors on the local distribution of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) and native ant species. Environmental Entomology 27:822-833. pdf

1998. Gordon, D. M. and A. Kulig. The effect of neighboring colonies on mortality in harvester ants. Journal of Animal Ecology 67: 141-148. pdf

1997. Gordon, D. M. and D. Wagner. Neighborhood density and reproductive potential in harvester ants. Oecologia 109:556-560. pdf

1997. Brown, M. J. F. and D. M. Gordon. Individual specialisation and encounters between harvester ant colonies. Behaviour 134: 849-866. pdf

1997. Human, K. G. and D. M. Gordon. Effects of Argentine ants on invertebrate biodiversity in northern California. Conservation Biology 11:1242-1248. pdf

1997. D. Wagner, M. J. F. Brown and D. M. Gordon. Harvester ant nests, soil biota and soil chemistry. Oecologia 112:232-236. pdf

1996. Gordon, D. M. The population consequences of territorial behavior. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12:63-66. pdf

1996. Gordon, D. M. The organization of work in social insect colonies. Nature 380:121-124. pdf

1996. Gordon, D. M. and A. W. Kulig. Founding, foraging and fighting: colony size and the spatial distribution of harvester ant nests. Ecology 77:2393-2409. pdf

1996. Pacala, S. W., D. M. Gordon and H.C.J. Godfray. Effects of social group size on information transfer and task allocation. Evolutionary Ecology 10:127-165. pdf

1996. Human, K. G. and D. M. Gordon. Exploitative and interference competition between the Argentine ant and native ant species. Oecologia 105:405-412. pdf

1995. Gordon, D. M. The expandable network of ant exploration. Animal Behaviour 50:995-1007. pdf

1995. Gordon, D. M. The development of an ant colony’s foraging range. Animal Behaviour 49: 649-659. pdf

1993. Gordon, D. M. The spatial scale of seed collection by harvester ants. Oecologia 95: 479-487. pdf

1993. Gordon, D. M., R. E. H. Paul, and K. Thorpe. What is the function of encounter patterns in ant colonies? Animal Behaviour 45:1083-1100. pdf

1992. Gordon, D. M. Wittgenstein and ant-watching. Biology & Philosophy 7:13-25. pdf

1992. Adler, F. R. and D. M. Gordon. Information collection and spread by networks of patrolling ants. American Naturalist 140:373-400. pdf

1992. Gordon, D. M., R. Rosengren and L. Sundstrom. The allocation of foragers in red wood ants. Ecological Entomology 17:114-120. pdf

1992. Gordon, D. M. Nest relocation in the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex barbatus. Annals Entomol. Soc. Am. 85(1):44-47. pdf

1992. Gordon, D. M. B. Goodwin, and L. E. H. Trainor. A parallel distributed model of ant colony behaviour. Journal of Theoretical Biology 156:293-307. pdf

1992. Gordon, D. M. How colony growth affects forager intrusion in neighboring harvester ant colonies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 31:417-427. pdf

1991. Gordon, D. M. Comment on “Short-term activity cycles in ants." American Naturalist 137:260-61. pdf

1991. Gordon, D. M. Variation and change in behavioral ecology. Ecology 72:1196-1203. pdf

1991. Gordon, D. M. Behavioral flexibility and the foraging ecology of seed-eating ants. American Naturalist 138:379-411. pdf

1989. Gordon, D. M. Ants distinguish neighbours from strangers. Oecologia 81:198-200. pdf

1989. Silverton, J. and D. M. Gordon. A framework for the analysis of plant behaviour. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics, vol. 20. pdf

1989. Gordon, D. M. Caste and change in social insects. In Oxford Surveys in Evolu-tionary Biology, vol. 6, P. Harvey and L. Partridge, eds., p. 56-72. Oxford University Press. pdf

1989. Gordon, D. M. Dynamics of task switching in harvester ants. Animal Behaviour 38: 194-204. pdf

1988. Gordon, D. M. Group-level exploration tactics in fire ants. Behaviour 104:162-175. pdf

1988. Gordon, D. M. Nest-plugging: interference competition in desert harvester ants (Pogonomyrmex barbatus and Novomessor cockerelli ). Oecologia 75: 114-117. pdf

1987. Gordon, D. M. and B. Holldobler. Worker longevity in harvester ants. Psyche 94: 341-46. pdf

1987. Gordon, D. M. Group-level dynamics in harvester ants: young colonies and the role of patrolling. Animal Behaviour 35:833-843. pdf

1986. Gordon, D. M. The dynamics of the daily round of the harvester ant colony. Animal Behaviour 34: 1402-1419. pdf

1985. Gordon, D. M. Do we need more ethograms? Zietschrift fur Tierpsychologie 68: 340-342. pdf

1984. Gordon, D. M. The persistence of role in exterior workers of the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius. Psyche 91(3-4): 251-266. pdf

1984. Gordon, D. M. Harvester ant middens: refuse or boundary? Ecological Entomology 9:403-412. pdf

1984 . Gordon, D. M. Species-specific patterns in the social activities of harvester ant colonies. Insectes Sociaux 31(1):74-86. pdf

1983. Gordon, D. M. Daily rhythms in social activities of the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius. Psyche 90(4):413-423. pdf

1983. Gordon, D. M. The relation of recruitment rate to activity rhythms in the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex barbatus. J. Kansas Entomological Society 56(3):277-285. pdf

1983. Gordon, D. M. Dependence of necrophoric response to oleic acid on social context in the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius. J. Chemical Ecology 9(1): 105-111. pdf


2012. Gordon, D.M., and N.E. Heller. Seeing the forst and the trees. Behavioral Ecology. doi: 10.1093/beheco/ars046 pdf

2010. Gordon, D.M. The beauty of ant antics. Nature 465(7295): 163 pdf

2010. Gordon, D. M. Colonial studies. Boston Review, September 2010. pdf

2003. Gordon, D.M. The organization of work in social insect colonies. Complexity 8: 43-46. pdf

2001. Gordon, D.M. The development of ant colony behavior. In Oyama, S., R. Gray, and P. Griffiths, eds. Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution. MIT Press. PDF

2001. Gordon, D.M. Task allocation in ant colonies. In Segel, L., ed. Design Principles for the Immune System and other Disturbed Autonomous Systems. Oxford University Press.

2001. Hirsh, A.E. and D.M. Gordon. Distributed problem solving in social insects. Annals of Mathematics and Artifical Intelligence 31:199-221.

2000. Gordon, D.M. The evolution of social behavior. In Singh, R. S. and C. Krimbas, eds. Evolutionary Genetics: From Molecules to Morphology. Cambridge University Press.

1998. Review of J.K. Parrish and W.M. Hamner, eds. Animal Groups in Three Dimensions. Animal Behaviour 56:798-799.

1998. Review of R. K. Vandermeer, M . D. Breed, M. L. Winston, K. E. Espelie, eds., Pheromone Communication in Social Insects: Ants, Wasps, Bees and Termites. Quarterly Review Biology 73:361.

1997. Gordon, D. M. Networking ants. Natural History. September 1997 p. 26.

1996. Gordon, D. M. Task allocation and interaction rates in ant colonies. In Greenberg, G. and Tobach, E. eds., Comparative Psychology of Invertebrates: The Field and Laboratory Study of Insect Behavior. Garland Publishing, Inc.

1996. How sociobiology explains ant behavior. Review of A. Bourke and N. Franks, Social Evolution in Ants. Ecology 77.

1996. Gordon, D. M. Soldier production under threat. News and Views, Nature 379:583-584.

1995. Gordon, D. M. The development of organization in ant colonies. American Scientist 83:50-57.

1995. Gordon, D. M. Look to the ant, thou sluggard. Review of B. Holldobler and E. O. Wilson, Journey to the Ants. Nature 372:292.

1995. Gordon, D. M. Peter and the Wolf. Review of P. Steinhart, The Company of Wolves. Stanford magazine, September 1995.

1995. Gordon, D. M. Review of J.H. Hunt and C.A. Nalepa, eds, Nourishment and Evolution in Insect Societies. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10:90.

1994. Gordon, D. M. How social insect colonies respond to variable environments. In Behavioral Mechanisms in Evolution. L. Real, ed. University of Chicago Press.

1993. Gordon, D. M. Communal Dwellings. In Animal Behaviour. T. Halliday, ed. Weldon Russell Publishing.

1993. Gordon, D. M. Untangling data and theory. Review of D. H. Wise, Spiders in Ecological Webs. Nature 362: 800.

1992. Gordon, D. M. Phenotypic plasticity. In Keywords in Evolutionary Biology. E. A. Lloyd and E. F. Keller, eds. Harvard University Press. p.255-262.

1988. Gordon, D. M. Behavior changes - finding the rules. In Processes and Metaphors in the Evolutionary Paradigm. M. Ho and S. Fox, eds. London: Wiley & Sons, Inc.

1988. Gordon, D. M. Groups, change and the ordinary: some new questions about ant behavior. In Advances in Myrmecology, R. H. Arnett, ed. New York: E.J. Brill Co.

1987. Gordon, D. M. The group context of role switching in harvester ants. In Inter-individual Behavioral Variability in Social Insects. R.L. Jeanne, ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

1987. Gordon, D. M. The dynamics of group behavior. In Perspectives in Ethology, vol. 7. P.P.G. Bateson and P.H. Klopfer, eds. New York: Plenum Press.

1986. Gordon, D. M. The development of organizational flexibility in harvester ant colonies. In Evolution of Social Behavior and Integrative Levels. G. Greenberg and E. Tobach, eds. Lawrence Hillbaum Press.