Anita Bhide
Job Market Candidate

Stanford University
Department of Economics
579 Jane Stanford Way
Stanford, CA 94305
650-864-2040
abhide2@stanford.edu

Available for interviews at:

  - ASSA Annual Meeting in San Diego (Jan 3-5)

Curriculum Vitae

Primary Field:
Labor Economics

Secondary field:
Public Economics

Expected Graduation Date:
June, 2020

Dissertation Committee:

Nicholas Bloom (Primary):
nbloom@stanford.edu

Luigi Pistaferri:
pista@stanford.edu

Isaac Sorkin:
sorkin@stanford.edu

Job Market Paper

Do Female Executives Reduce Gender Gaps?
Using matched employer-employee data from Germany, I analyze establishments with female executives before and after executive turnover. I estimate that female executives increase female employment shares by 14 percent (3.4ppt) and female earnings ratios by 5 percent (4ppt) relative to comparable male run establishments. Establishments run by female executives see a compositional shift towards higher earning female employees, where changes in observable characteristics account for 30 percent of the increases in the relative earnings of female employees. Using survey data administered by the German Federal Employment Agency, I find no evidence of female executives changing operational working hours, providing greater childcare assistance or implementing policies to promote gender equality. Overall, I conclude female executives do reduce gender gaps within establishments.

Working Papers

The Co-Location problem: How Having a Partner Affects the Location Choices of Individuals Slides
With both partners working in the paid labor market and wishing to live together, this may mean forgoing better employment opportunities. In this paper I analyze the consequences of this co-location problem. I look at out-migration responses to exogenous local economic shocks. Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, I find when faced with negative state-level economic shocks single individuals are more likely move out of their state while married individuals exhibit no migration responses. I further find asymmetric responses across gender in couples: households are more responsive to economic shocks to the husband's occupation than wive's. This means that in spite of the rising female labor force participation women may still face worse labor market matches.

Highways, Shocks and Labor Market Outcomes (with Yiming He)
Recently developing countries have seen huge increases in spending on transportation networks. Given these large investments it's important to understand the welfare consequences. The paper will look at if access to these roads has improved agricultural household's abilities to better cope with local productivity shocks. It looks particularly at the Golden Quadrilateral Highway system in India. Proximity to this highway allows households easier access to labor markets that are uncorrelated with local market conditions. We build a theoretical model with precise empirical predictions; household's equilibrium employment in agricultural and non-agriculture should respond more to shocks when located closer to roads. The changes in wages on the other hand will be smaller. These empirical predictions are tested using the REDS dataset: a nationally representative household survey of rural India. Using a difference-in-difference strategy, we look at how responses to rainfall shocks varies as distance to the GQ increases.

Rent Premiums for Migrants: Analyzing the Causes and Consequences (with Yiming He)
In spite of the large potential gains from rural to urban migration, migration rates in many developing countries remain puzzlingly low. Complementing this puzzle, in this paper we document the phenomenon that migrants pay consistently higher rents compared to locals. Using data from Brazil, India and Ethiopia we find that recent migrants pay between 9% and 30% more for housing. These premiums last between 15 to 35 years of the migrants stay in the destination. We further document the rent premiums do not reduce with higher measures of wealth. We fins suggestive evidence of taste-based discrimination driving the rent premiums and hypothesize these high housing costs are discouraging rural-urban migration by making cities unaffordable for migrants.